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Definition of Authorship

Authors and authorship defined: Who is an author?

Who should be listed as an author on your paper? IEEE’s definition of authorship will help you answer that question and clarify each author’s responsibilities.

IEEE considers individuals who meet all of the following criteria to be authors:

  1. Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the paper;
  2. Contributed to drafting the paper or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content;
  3. Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references.

Contributors who do not meet all of the above criteria may be included in the Acknowledgment section of the article. Omitting an author who contributed to your article or including a person who did not fulfill all of the above requirements is considered a breach of publishing ethics.

Source: IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual, Section 8.2.1.A.1.

 IEEE Collabratec