Your paper title should be specific, concise, and descriptive. Avoid using unnecessary words such as “new” or “novel;” instead, include some keywords that will help a reader find your paper.
Your abstract should provide a concise summary of the research conducted, the conclusions reached, and the potential implications of those conclusions, as well as:
- Consist of a single paragraph up to 250 words that communicate clearly, with correct grammar and unambiguous terminology
- Be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, references, or mathematical equations
- Highlight what is unique in your work
- Include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research to help readers find your paper
If the research reported in your paper was supported by a funding source, include the funder name and grant information in a footnote on the first page of the paper.
The introduction helps the reader understand why your research is important and what it is contributing to the field. Start by giving the reader a brief overview of the current state of research in your subject area and then progress to more detailed information on the specific topic of your research, ending with a description of the exact question or hypothesis that your paper will address. Also state your motivation for doing your research and what it will contribute to the field.
The methods section is where you formulate your research question, including a detailed description of the question, the methods you used to address the question, the definitions of any relevant terminology, and any equations that contributed to your work. The methods section should be described in enough detail for someone to replicate your work.
Results and discussion
This section shows the results you achieved in your work and offers an interpretation of those results. Acknowledge any limitations of your work and avoid exaggerating the importance of the results.
The conclusion summarizes your key findings, any important conclusions that can be drawn, and further implications for the field. Also discuss benefits or shortcomings of your work and suggest future areas for research.
In the acknowledgments section, you can recognize individuals who provided assistance with your work but who do not meet the definition of authorship. The acknowledgments section is optional.
This section provides citation information for all the previous publications referred to in your paper. Cite only those references that directly support your work.